Siddha system of medicine is one of the oldest systems of medicine practiced in South India especially in Tamil Nadu. It is a traditional system of medicine which is gradually evolved along with the Dravidians’ culture and hence this system is known as Dravidian system of medicine. The exponents of Siddha system of medicine are called Siddhars.
Concepts of Siddha
The aim of siddha medicine is to make the body perfect, imperishable and to promote longevity. For the healthy life, Siddhars have mentioned daily and seasonal regimen including dietary habits and also insisted some code of ethics. This is the first system to emphasis health as the perfect state of physical, mental, social, moral and spiritual component of human beings.
According to the Siddhar ‘Yugi muni’, the diseases are widely classified into 4448. This classification is based on the following entities.
1. Clinical signs and symptoms
2. Derangement of the three physiological units i.e., Vatha, Pitha and Kapha
3. Causative factor of a particular disease.
4. Injury to the body vital points (Varma points)
5. Psychological causes.
6. Involvement of the affected parts of the body
7. Worm’s infestation and other infective organisms
8. Genetical inheritance which are sometimes known as ‘Karma Dhosas.
Salient Features of Siddha
· Simple and safe medicines
· Very effective for chronic ailments
· Not only for correct the diseases but it also maintains the perfect state of the body
· Medicines are palatable
· Treatment available for all age groups
· Specific treatment for old age (Geriatrics) problems
· Enhance the immunity of growing children
· Thokkanam Therapy (Siddha physiotherapy) and Varma therapy are highly effective for neurological, musculo-skeletal problems and promotes physical and mental fitness.